Most Popular Political Parties in Ghana and Their Founding Members
A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country’s elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific ideological or policy goals. Thus Political parties in Ghana.
It is an organized group of people or bodies who seek to capture political power through an election in order to run the affairs of a country. It often puts forward candidates for public office, to fast-track a country’s economic growth and development.
Ghana is an African country with a population of about 30 million humans, which is a multiparty player when it comes to politics and power. We will be looking at some political parties that are currently in Ghana, their founders or founding members, and the dates they were founded.
NEW PATRIOTIC PARTY (NPP)
The NPP’s beginnings go back to 1991 as a ‘Friday Club’ of old politicians unhappy with the authoritarian regime of the PNDC. With the lifting of the ban on political parties in May 1992 the club was thrown open to like-minded elites and turned into a think-tank of people devoted to planning and raising funds for the anticipated formation of the NPP.
The New Patriotic Party (NPP) is a liberal-conservative political party in Ghana. Since the democratization of Ghana in 1992, it has been one of the two dominant parties in Ghana politics, with its strong rival, the National Democratic Congress (NDC). John A. Kufuor of the NPP was President of Ghana from 2001 to 2009.
After the elections held on 7 December 2004, the party won 129 out of 230 seats. The NPPs candidate was Kufuor, who was re-elected as President with 52.75% of the vote. The New Patriotic Party symbol is Elephant and the party colors are: red, white, and blue.
The tradition was central to the formation of the NPP, which belonged to the Danquah-Busia tradition in Ghanaian politics. The NPP is the direct descendant of the political tradition of the United Party. The successor to the tradition, the main creed of individual freedom in a liberal democratic state. The development of the individual and of society in a free political atmosphere, under the rule of law, are the principles of the State.
NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONGRESS (NDC)
The National Democratic Congress (NDC) is a social-democratic political party in Ghana, which was founded by the late Flt. Lt. Jerry John Rawlings, who was the Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and the President of Ghana from 1993 to 2001.
Following the formation of the Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC), which ruled Ghana after military coup dé tat on 31 December 1981, there was extreme, pressure from the international community to rescind the military rule and to restore democracy.
The NDC was then formed as the ruling party ahead of elections in 1992, in which Rawlings was elected as the president for Ghana. In 1996, Rawlings was re-elected as the NDC candidate and won the election for the second time. Rawlings’ second term ended in 2001.
The National Democratic Congress party symbol is an umbrella with the head of a dove at the top. The party colors are red, white, green, and black. The party slogan or motto is “Unity, stability, and development.” Internationally, the NDC is a member of the Progressive Alliance and Socialist International.
NDC as one of the biggest political parties in Ghana has contested all national elections since its inception. However, the National Democratic Congress is currently in opposition due to their loss to the New Patriotic Party in both the 2016 and 2020 general elections.
PEOPLE’S NATIONAL CONVENTION (PNC)
The People’s National Convention is a political party in Ghana After the constitutional rule was restored back in Ghana in 1992, the party was formed by former President Hilla Limann based on ideals from the People’s National Party (Ghana) which he led in 1979 elections and won. The party is currently led by David A. A. Apasera.
ALL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS (APC)
APC was founded in 2016 by Hassan Ayariga after leaving the People’s National Convention (PNC), where he lost in preliminary to Edward Mahama as the presidential candidate for the December 2016 General Election. That is All People’s Congress is a political party in Ghana formed by a break away from the PNC. The party’s focus for the election campaign was jobs and economic boosts.
CONVENTION PEOPLE’S PARTY (CPP)
The Convention People’s Party (CPP) is a political party in Ghana based on the ideas of the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah. The CPP was formed in June 1949 after Nkrumah broke away from the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC).
Nkrumah was the then appointed Secretary-General of the UGCC when he was arrested by the leader of the UGCC and imprisoned for an alleged thought, plans, and power against Kwame Nkrumah’s leadership. Kwame Nkrumah then formed the Convention People’s Party with the support of some UGCC members and had a purpose for self-governance.
Upon Kwame Nkrumah’s leadership with the CPP, he organized a non-violent protest and strike for support of the purpose of self-governance which took him to prison for a second time. He was released after winning a massive vote by the CPP following the colonies’ general election whilst he was in prison.
The CPP followers supported Nkrumah’s ideas and voted for him massive for the power of self-governance. The articles discussed the origins of Ghana political parties, the 1948 riot, and the birth of the Convention People’s Party among others.
Issues that led to the formation of the CPP, struggle with the colonial powers led by Kwame Nkrumah and finally, the attainment of Ghana’s independence was part of the key concerns for him.
GHANA UNION MOVEMENT (GUM)
The Ghana Union Movement is a political party in Ghana. It was founded on the 10th of March, 2019 by Christian Kwabena Andrews, who is also the founder of the Life Assembly Worship Center in Accra. During the launch of the party, he declared that he is the new Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. He also made a declaration that the “spirit of Nkrumah is back.”
The GUM party had a bit of backing from Samia Nkrumah, daughter of Kwame Nkrumah. Andrews was a presidential candidate for the 2020 general election of Ghana after his nomination. He filed the nomination on 7 October 2020, which chanced him a place on the ballot paper. However, his party did not win any seat out of the 275 parliamentary seats. Even though the party performed well in the presidential election, he did not win.
PROGRESSIVE PEOPLE’S PARTY (PPP)
Progressive People’s Party (PPP) is also another Ghanaian political party, which was formed in 2012 by Paa Kwesi Nduom. He was once the presidential candidate for the Convention People’s Party (CPP) during the 2008 elections. After the formation of the PPP, Paa Kwesi Nduom was able to pull about 64,000 popular votes in the 2012 general elections.
In every community, there must be Unions that can drive the affairs towards development, and that is why Ghana as a country, is in the multi-party system. This is a clear indication that, when things are not going on well on the part of any sitting government, citizens can make changes to the leadership of the country. This may however hinder consistent development, but it is necessary to force for a working government. Thus the reason there are multiple political parties in Ghana.
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