The Main Religious Groups In Ghana and How They Worship

The Main Religious Groups In Ghana and How They Worship

Worships are grounds for one to offer thanks to divinity in which such a person believes. In this article, we try our best to bring you the main religious groups in Ghana and how they offer their worship to divinity and supernatural beings.

Ghana is regarded by many as a religious country as the citizens from time to time show their commitment to the various belief systems which ha kept their forefathers up and running since the beginning of the universe. Below, take a look at the main religious groups in Ghana.


The presence of Christian missionaries on the coast of Ghana has been dated to the arrival of the Portuguese in the fifteenth century. It was the Basel missionary/ Presbyterian and Wesley Missionary/Methodist missionaries. However, who, in the nineteenth century, laid the foundation for the Christian church in Ghana.

Beginning their conversions in the coastal area as “nurseries of the church” in which an educated African class was trained. There are secondary schools today, especially exclusively boys and girls schools, that are mission- or church-related institutions. Church schools have been opened to all since the state assumed financial responsibility for formal instruction under the Education Act of 1960.

Main Religious Groups In Ghana

The unifying organization of Christians in the country is the Christian Council of Ghana, founded in 1929. The council serves as the link with the World Council of Churches. The Seventh-day Adventist Church, not a member of the Christian Council, has a strong presence in Ghana. The Church opened the premier private and Christian University in Ghana.

Christians worship God, by praying and fasting to have the full connection of their to the spirit of God. They also converge at one place, where they share and learn the word of God. Some churches do meet any day they think is Sabbath day for them.


The Rastafarian movement is a movement that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s. Its adherents worship Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (1930–1974), as God incarnate, the Second Advent, or the reincarnation of Jesus. According to beliefs, Haile Selassie was the 225th in an unbroken line of Ethiopian monarchs of the Solomonic Dynasty.

This dynasty is said to have been founded in the 10th century BC by Menelik I, the son of the Biblical King Solomon, and Makeda, the Queen of Sheba, who had visited Solomon in Israel.

There are Rasta communities all around the world. In Ghana, particularly on the coast, there are many Rastafari places of worship. The Rasta community around Kokrobite in Kasoa is well known throughout Ghana. Many Rasta music festivals occur and Rasta objects are sold.



Hinduism, which has was established by a traditional priest known as Kwesi Esel, has been practiced in Ghana since the 1970s. Kwesi Essel discovered this way of worship when he traveled to Asia to seek healing powers.

Hinduism is spread in Ghana actively by Ghana’s Hindu Monastery headed by Swami Ghananand Saraswati and Hare Krishnas. Sathya Sai Organization, Ananda Marga, and Brahma Kumaris are also active in Ghana. Hindu Temples have been constructed in Accra. In 2010, there were about 25,000 or 0.1% Hindus in the country.

Main Religious Groups In Ghana


In 1998 the first Nichiren Shoshu Temple in Africa was opened in Accra. Ghana has the largest Nichiren Shoshu Temple outside of Japan.

The temple is located at Anyaa-Ablekuma Road at the Fan Milk Junction in Accra. There are other small Buddhist prayer spaces in larger cities, and with a proper request and a small donation, you would be welcome for meditation and chanting.



African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity are the main religions in Ghana. These groups play significant roles in the holistic life of Ghanaians from the political, economical, educational, religious to family. This experience is not only limited to Ghana but the entire African continent.

African Traditional Religion worships through the pouring of libation and chants to arouse their gods and any object they worship.

Traditional African Religion
Traditional African Religion


Afrikaner Mission is a Neo-Traditional Movement established in Ghana in 1982 by a former Catholic Priest, Kwabena Damuah, who resigned from the church and assumed the traditional priesthood titles, Osofo Okomfo. The Mission aims to reform and update African traditional religion, and to promote nationalism and Pan-Africanism.

Rather than being a single new religious movement, Afrikania also organizes various traditional shrines and traditional healers into associations bringing unity to a diffused system and thereby a greater voice in the public arena. Afrikaners have instituted an annual convention for the traditional religion.


It has become a mouthpiece of traditional religion in Ghana through its publications, lectures, seminars, press conferences, and radio and television broadcasts in which it advocates a return to traditional religion and culture as the spiritual basis for the development of Africa.

The Mission is also known by other names such as AMEN RA (derived from Egyptian religion, and interpreted to mean ‘God Centred’), Sankofa faith (implying a return to African roots for spiritual and moral values), and Gordian Religion, which it adopted briefly during a period of association with Godianism, a Nigerian-based neo-traditional Movement.


In the north, Islamic is represented and the spread of Islam into Dagbon, was mainly the result of the commercial activities of North Africa Muslims. Islam made its entry into the northern territories of modern Ghana around the fifteenth century, which was carried into the area by Berber traders and clerics. Most Muslims in Ghana are Sunni, of Malik school of jurisprudence.

Despite the spread of Islam in the Middle East and North Africa since the mid-1970s, Muslims and Christians in Ghana have had excellent relations. Guided by the authority of the Muslim Representative Council, religious, social, and economic matters affecting Muslims have often been redressed through negotiations.

The Muslim Council has also been responsible for arranging pilgrimages to Mecca for believers who can afford the journey. Nevertheless, there remains a gap between Muslims and Christians in Ghana. As a society in Ghana modernized, Muslims were blocked from taking part in the modernization process.


This is large because access to jobs required Western education, and this education was only available in missionary schools. Many Muslims feared that sending their children to missionary schools may result in religious conversion.

Religion helps in creating an ethical framework and also a regulator for values in day-to-day life. This particular approach helps in the character building of a person. In other words, Religion acts as an agency of socialization. Thus, religion helps in building values like love, empathy, respect, and harmony.

Religion helps us to define our lives, and thus we can say it gives meaning to our lives. Religion helps us to deal with the most stressful moments of our lives because it gives us hope to move on. It enables you to avoid depression, and so your life moves more smoothly and in a healthy manner.

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